(9% of world total, 10% of US total)

Listed immediately below are recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize who were, or are, Jewish.  The percentages given above are based on awards made to individuals only, i.e., the statistical calculation excludes awards to organizations.  Of the organizations that have received Nobel Peace Prizes, 21% were founded or co-founded principally by Jews or individuals of half-Jewish background.  Further discussion of this can be found in footnote [1] below.

# Encyclopaedia Judaica (1997 CD ROM edition).  (This source was listed by the Library Journal as one of its "Top 50 Reference Works of the Millennium.")
1. Four of the twenty-four organizations awarded Nobel Peace Prizes were founded (or, in the case of the IPPNW, co-founded) principally by Jews. A fifth organization was founded by an individual of half-Jewish descent:

(In enumerating Nobel Prize winners, we have followed the Nobel Foundation's practice of counting multiple-time recipients only once.   The UNHCR and the ICRC, two of the twenty-four organizations receiving Nobel Peace Prizes, have been named as recipients twice and three times, respectively.)  For references on the Jewish background of Ludwik Rajchman, see For the Good of Humanity: Ludwik Rajchman, Medical Statesman, by Marta A. Balinska (Central European University Press, Budapest, 1995, pp. vii, 2-3).  On Peter Benenson, see the interview by Madeleine Kingsley with his mother, Flora (née Benenson) Solomon, on p.24 of the 15 June 1984 edition of the Jewish Chronicle (London).  Flora Solomon was the daughter of the Russian-Jewish financier Grigory Benenson and his wife (née Sophie Goldberg).  Peter Benenson's father was Brigadier General Harold Solomon, who is described in the article as having come from "the upper echelons of English Jewish society."  Bernard Lown, who is a co-inventor of the cardiac defibrillator, was born in Lithuania to Nisson and Bella (née Grossbard) Lown.  Members of the Lown family were prominent in American Jewish communal affairs, especially in Maine and Massachusetts.  On former French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner's half-Jewish background, see his essay in I Am Jewish: Personal Reflections Inspired by the Last Words of Daniel Pearl, edited by Judea and Ruth Pearl (Jewish Lights, Woodstock, VT, 2004, pp. 229-230).  Kouchner's paternal grandparents died in Auschwitz.

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