JEWISH RECIPIENTS OF THE MAX PLANCK MEDAL
(26% of recipients)

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Listed below are recipients of the Planck Medal (or Medaille) who were, or are, Jewish (or of half- or three-quarters-Jewish descent, as noted).  This award is considered to be among the two or three most prestigious in the field of theoretical physics.
  • Albert Einstein (1929)
  • Niels Bohr 1 (1930)
  • Max Born (1948)
  • Lise Meitner (1949)
  • James Franck (1951)
  • Hans Bethe 2 (1955)
  • Victor Weisskopf (1956)
  • Wolfgang Pauli 3 (1958)
  • Oskar Klein (1959)
  • Lev Landau (1960)
  • Eugene Wigner (1961)
  • Rudolf Peierls (1963)
  • Samuel Goudsmit (1964)
  • Walter Heitler (1968)
  • Herbert Fröhlich (1972)
  • Valentine Bargmann (1988)
  • Elliott Lieb (1992)
  • Raymond Stora (1998)
  • Pierre Hohenberg (1999)
  • Joel Lebowitz (2007)
NOTES
1. Jewish mother, non-Jewish father.
2. Jewish mother, non-Jewish father.
3. Pauli described himself as being three-quarters Jewish in a letter to Frank Aydelotte quoted in the April 1995 issue of Physics Today (p. 86). See also http://www.ethbib.ethz.ch/exhibit/pauli/ausreise_e.html.

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