JEWS RANKED AMONG
THE 100 MOST EMINENT PSYCHOLOGISTS
OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
(40% of total)
What follows is a listing of
Jews (and individuals of half- or three-quarters-Jewish
descent, as noted) who are ranked among the one hundred
leading psychologists of the twentieth century,
according to a study conducted by Steven Haggbloom et al., entitled "The 100 Most Eminent
Psychologists of the 20th Century," published in Review of General
Psychology (Vol. 6, No. 2, 2002, pp.
139-152)*. The study was based on journal and textbook
citation frequency data, together with rankings submitted
by 1,725 members of the American Psychological
Association. (Only the first ninety-nine of the one
hundred most eminent were actually reported.) The
ranking of each individual is indicated in square
brackets. The original study contained two errors:
neither G. Stanley Hall nor Margaret Washburn should have
been included. Correcting for these errors affects
slightly the rankings of individuals who were ranked below
them and opens up two additional slots, which are now
filled by Leo Postman and Benjamin Winer.
- Sigmund Freud 
- Leon Festinger 
- Stanley Schachter 
- Abraham Maslow 
- Erik Erikson 1
- Hans Eysenck 2
- Kurt Lewin 
- Jerome Kagan 
- Walter Mischel 
- Jerome Bruner 
- Lawrence Kohlberg 3 
- Martin Seligman 
- Ulric Neisser 4
- Herbert Simon 5 
- Noam Chomsky 
- Solomon Asch 
- Stanley Milgram 
- Lee Cronbach 6 
- David Wechsler 
- Joseph Wolpe 
- Michael Posner 
- Elizabeth Loftus 7 
- Paul Ekman 
- Robert Sternberg 
- Julian Rotter 
- Alfred Adler 
- Alexander Luria 
- Leonard Berkowitz 
- Eliot Aronson 
- Irving Janis 
- Morton Deutsch 
- Richard Lazarus 
- Lev Vygotsky 
- Robert Rosenthal 
- Milton Rokeach 
- Amos Tversky [91.5]
- Herman Witkin 
- Anna Freud 
- Leo Postman 
- Benjamin Winer 
* See http://creativity.ipras.ru/texts/top100.pdf.
For an updated list incorporating corrections to the
original list, click on "Rank-ordered" under "Revised
Table 4 | Errata" here.
1. Son of a Danish-Jewish mother, Karla Abrahamsen, and
a German-Jewish step-father, Dr. Theodor
Homburger. Prior to her marriage to Homburger,
Erikson's mother was briefly married to a Danish Jew,
Valdemar Isidor Salomonson. Erikson claimed,
however, that his true biological father was an unknown,
non-Jewish Dane. See Erik
Erikson: a detailed evaluation and genogram study,
by Monica McGoldrick.
2. Jewish mother, non-Jewish father.
Although Eysenck denied Jewish ancestry throughout most
of his life, in his 1990 autobiography, he admitted that
his maternal grandmother, who died in the Nazi
concentration camp at Terezín, had been Jewish. In
a recent paper, entitled "Hans
Eysenck and the Jewish question: Genealogical
investigations" (Personality and Individual
Differences, vol. 103, pp. 195-199, December
2016), Andrew M. Colman and Caren A. Frosch present
conclusive evidence showing that both of
Eysenck's maternal grandparents had, in fact, been Jews.
3. Jewish father, non-Jewish mother.
4. Jewish father, non-Jewish mother.
5. Jewish father, mother of partial Jewish ancestry,
self-identifies as a Jew, although not religiously. See
Models of My Life by Herbert A. Simon
(BasicBooks, New York, NY, 1991, pp. 3, 17, 112, 262).
6. Jewish father, non-Jewish mother; see A History of Psychology in
Volume 8, edited by G. Lindzey (Stanford, Palo
Alto, CA, 1989, p. 64).
7. Born Elizabeth Fishman; see http://williamcalvin.com/2002/OrangeCtyRegister.htm.
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